How to Become a Web Developer (A Complete Guide)

So you're interested in learning web development? The good news is that there are plenty of resources available. It takes time, effort, and most importantly practice by working on projects to become a skilled web developer.


Additional choices include front-end, back-end, and full-stack development, which combines both front-end and back-end development. In comparison to other programming positions, web development career chances are good and you may land a job that pays quickly.

We'll go over all you need to know about web programming(development) in this post, including how to become a web developer in just 6 easy steps.

What do web developers do?

Web developers create the website and make sure that the website function properly. They optimize website experience and stabilize where data are stored, spruce them up visually, and combine them.

These technologies are used to create websites that are both useful and visually appealing. Web developers write their code in languages like HTML, Python, JavaScript, SQL, PHP, and CSS.

Web designers and web developers frequently collaborate with one another. While there are some parallels between these professions, there are also some significant distinctions that should be noted.

Differences Between a Web developer and a Web designer

Web developers concentrate on the scripts that make it possible for websites to function properly.

They are proficient in database administration, systems analysis, and sophisticated programming techniques like machine learning. To guarantee optimal operation, they frequently collaborate with web designers.

Front-end look and feel are highly valued by web designers. The visual elements that give websites their appeal and compulsion are created, coordinated and optimized by web designers. Additionally, web designers combine website content with branding.

What is the Skill Needed for Web Development

A good web developer must be proficient in almost all programming languages, including Markup language (HTML), CSS, JAVASCRIPT, FRAMEWORKS, and LIBRARIES.

Boot-camps are beneficial only if you are able to choose the right one which is line with your professional aspirations. Other than web development, several boot camps could have different topics they follow.

Is it Still Worth it to Become a Web Developer in the coming years?

Naturally, if you're changing careers, the first thing you'll be wondering is if the change is worthwhile. Thankfully, there are opportunities for careers for people who want to work as web developers.

From the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, there will be a tremendous rise in web development by 13%, following the pandemic casualties.

Is it Difficult to Become a Web Developer?

No, many people have studied web programming from scratch. You will need to have patience and rigor, but it is not tough.

Actually, one of the simplest programming-related jobs you may embark on is web development. “Will I love working as a web developer?” is the question you should be asking.

Can I Become a Web Developer without a Degree or No Experience?

To become a web developer, you don't even need to have a formal degree, though you may if you want to. Independent study, watching a video on YouTube, or just reading books, taking no-cost classes, and studying basic documentation can all be very effective ways to learn how to design websites.

Depending on the precise path you choose for your web development career, it is a must to learn about HTML and CSS in particular, as well as programming languages like JavaScript, Python, or Ruby on Rails in the future.

You'll eventually have hands full of frameworks like React and Node, as well as many other minor but crucial elements of the web development process.

How Long Does it Take to Become a Web Developer?

If you do it right you can land your first job in roughly 12 to 18 months! This will rely on your level of competence and whether you have projects in your portfolio that highlight your talents.

Regarding how long it takes to become a web developer, none of the time frames provided here should be taken as the absolute truth. Because there are many factors that come into play in a web development career, you could discover that your individual path differs greatly from the timescales given.

Tools for Web Development

For free text editors, Visual studio code, Sublime Text, Atom, and Vim are some of the free tools that are accessible. For novices, you can use either Visual studio code or Sublime Text.

How to Make More Money as a Web Developer

There are several ways that web developers can make money through their skills and expertise. One option is to work as a freelance web developer, offering services to businesses on a contract basis. Freelance web developers can often command higher rates for their services due to their specialized skills and expertise.

One way to find freelance web development work is through platforms like Toptal, which connects businesses with top-quality freelancers in a variety of fields, including web development. As mentioned earlier, Toptal explains how businesses can determine the level of skills candidates possess, which can be a valuable resource for web developers looking to showcase their skills and attract potential clients.

How to Become a Web Developer [Step-by-Step Guide]


The only difficulty will be whether you are able to follow these procedures carefully because they are simple and easy to understand. On the whole, the path you'll take to start out as a web developer is as follows:

Step 1: Learn the fundamentals of web development

The basics will be where your web development journey starts. Don't overlook learning how the web functions since it's crucial.

Studying markup languages like HTML and CSS, These two markup languages explain how websites are rendered on the browser.

Many will say that HTML and CSS are not programming languages but they are used in developing the powerful websites you see out there.

Step 2: Choose a Role

You should now be familiar with how the web works and how to create simple web pages. If you did your homework will you should now make a decision whether you want to be a front-end web developer or a back-end web developer.

What you see when you browse the internet is designed by the front-end developer. The front-end is responsible for the aesthetic look of the website and makes sure that there is a proper layout on the client interface.

The work of a back-end developer is concentrated on managing databases, responding to server requests, and building associated apps.

Lastly, there is the full-stack developer position in web development. These developers can perform both front-end and back-end tasks simply because they are proficient in both areas.

Step 3: Choosing a language

The markup languages HTML and CSS, followed by JavaScript, should be learned for the most part, before we get into depth about the different programming languages that are used in the web development industry.

These three can be used to create projects that will get you past your initial interviews because they are the most typical.

Prioritize HTML, CSS, and JavaScript for the time being. You can start to branch out and specialize as your knowledge grows and you have a few demonstrations to offer.

  1. JavaScript
  2. PHP
  3. Python
  4. Ruby and Rails
  5. GO
  6. Swift and Objective C
  7. C#
  8. Java/Kotlin

Step 4: Learning Web Development

You need to start working as soon as you have a broad notion of the programming languages you want to use and the specialty you want.

There are several opportunities for you to study web development, which is wonderful news.

Although most of them are free, certification programs do have the extra advantage of providing you with a certificate that serves as proof of your qualifications (not mandatory).

Step 5: Build web development projects.

You should start working on projects once you have the fundamentals down and know how to use HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to structure, design, and create a functional application.

Develop projects with the basic knowledge and programming language you have learnt. These are samples of projects you can build to boost your profiles on your portfolio.

  1. Clone popular website
  2. Build interview website
  3. Build survey website
  4. Build landing pages

Looking for inspiration? You can check dribble out!

Step 6: Start applying for jobs

If are able to build these projects then you will have a decent chance to land your first web developer job. However, keep in mind that learning never stops in a sector where new advancements occur often. Continue to learn and work on projects as you look for jobs.

Frequently Asked Questions(FQA)

 1. What are the different career paths and job titles within web development?

There are several career paths and job titles within web development, including:

  1. Front-end developer: focuses on the design and user experience of a website or application, using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

  2. Back-end developer: focuses on the server-side functionality of a website or application, using languages such as PHP, Python, or Ruby.

  3. Full-stack developer: has expertise in both front-end and back-end development, and is able to work on all aspects of a website or application.

  4. Web designer: focuses on the visual and aesthetic aspects of a website, including layout, color scheme, and typography.

  5. UX designer: focuses on the usability and functionality of a website or application, ensuring that it is user-friendly and intuitive.

  6. Quality assurance tester: ensures that a website or application is functioning properly and meets the desired specifications.

  7. Project manager: oversees the development of a website or application, including coordinating with team members and meeting deadlines.

 2. What type of education or certification is required to become a web developer?

A formal education or certification is not required to become a web developer. Many web developers learn through self-study, online courses, or coding boot camps and may also choose to earn certifications in specific programming languages or frameworks to improve their job prospects. Some web developers may have a bachelor's degree in a related field such as computer science or information technology, but this is not necessary to be successful in this field.

3. How can I gain practical experience and build a portfolio as a web developer?

There are several ways for web developers to gain practical experience and build a portfolio, including participating in online coding challenges and hackathons, completing online courses and tutorials, working on personal projects or contributing to open source projects, taking on internships or entry-level positions, networking with other professionals, and attending industry events and conferences. These opportunities can help showcase skills and expertise to potential employers and provide valuable hands-on experience.

4. What are the common challenges and obstacles faced by web developers, and how can I overcome them?

Some common challenges and obstacles faced by web developers include staying up-to-date with the latest technologies and trends, finding job opportunities, and gaining practical experience. To overcome these challenges, web developers can continue their education and training, build a strong portfolio, network with other professionals in the field, and stay proactive in seeking out job opportunities and staying current with industry developments.


In final words, It is never too late in life to become a programmer since what is fresh now will be outmoded tomorrow, given the high-velocity advancements and developments occurring in the software ecosystem.

More developers than ever are needed around the globe right now. Learning to code is something you can do at any time. Time and effort are all that is required.


Elliot is a student of the University of Energy and Natural Resources (UENR), a frontend web developer and owner of anythingprogramming. Elliot is a tech-inclined person who loves to share his knowledge with others and also learn from others as well. He loves to write and so anythingprogramming came to life.

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